- Down syndrome is the most commonly occurring genetic condition.
- In the U.S., there is approximately 6,000 children are born with Down syndrome each year. Today, more than 400,000 people in the U.S. have Down syndrome.
Signs & Symptoms:
- Low muscle tone
- Small stature
- Upward slant to the eyes
- Single deep crease across the center of their palm
- An extra copy of the 21st chromosome (trisomy 21)
Other Illnesses and Complications:
- Congenital heart defects
- Respiratory problems
- Hearing problems
- Alzheimer's disease
- Intellectual disabilities
- Childhood leukemia
- Thyroid conditions
- Down syndrome rather than "Down's syndrome"
- Avoid terms and phrases such as "a Down syndrome child," "a Down's child," and "he has Down's"
- Down syndrome is a condition, NOT a disease
- People "have" Down syndrome they do not "suffer from" it and are not "afflicted by" it
Source: National Down Syndrome Society (2011)