Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

ADHD is one of the most common childhood disorders and can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are the key behaviors of ADHD. It is normal for all children to be inattentive, hyperactive, or impulsive sometimes, but for children with ADHD, these behaviors are more severe and occur more often.

Adult ADHD (Mayo Clinic)

What Parents & Teachers Should Know About ADHD

"ADHD May Raise Teens' Odds for Smoking, Drinking" (Health Day)

"A new study shows there's a strong link between ADHD and premature death" (Vox)

Signs & Symptoms

Inattention:

  • Easily distracted, miss details, forget things, and frequently switch from one activity to another
  • Become bored with a task after only a few minutes
  • Have difficulty focusing attention on organizing and completing a task or learning something new
  • Not seem to listen when spoken to/struggle to follow instructions
  • Daydream, become easily confused, and move slowly
  • Have difficulty processing information as quickly and accurately as others

Hyperactivity:

  • Fidget and squirm in seats/have trouble sitting still
  • Talk nonstop/have difficulty doing quiet tasks or activities
  • Dash around, touching or playing with anything and everything in sight

Impulsitivity:

  • Impatient/often interrupt conversations or others activities
  • Blurt out inappropriate comments, show emotions without restraint, and act without regard for consequences

Potential causes:

  • Genes, environmental factors (cigarette smoking/alcohol use during pregnancy or lead exposure), sugar, food additives and brain injuries