Cerebral Palsy (CP)

  • Cerebral palsy refers to a group of conditions that affect control of movement and posture. Symptoms range from mild to severe and may include paralysis. There is brain damage in utero (most common) during child birth or up to age 3.
  • Children often require treatment or supportive services to address intellectual disabilities, learning disabilities, seizures, vision, hearing, and speech difficulties. Other symptoms include severe gag reflex, drooling, being easily startled, and sensitivity to cold. These symptoms will carry into adulthood.

Cerebral Palsy Fact Sheet

Types of Cerebral Palsy:

Spastic cerebral palsy affects 70-80% of people with cerebral palsy. Symptoms of spastic cerebral palsy include stiff muscles and difficulty with movement. It can affect one to all extremities on the body and often of the mouth and tongue.

Dyskinetic (athetoid) cerebral palsy affects about 10-20% of people with cerebral palsy and impacts the entire body. It is characterized by fluctuations in muscle tone from too tight to too loose and uncontrolled movements, which can be slow and writhing or rapid and jerky. Speech and swallowing may be difficult.

Ataxic cerebral palsy affects about 5-10% of people with cerebral palsy and impacts balance and coordination. People may walk with an unsteady gait and have difficulty with motions that require coordination, such as writing.