Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Traumatic brain injury results from injury to the brain or a closed injury in which there is no fracture or penetration. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates 5.3 million Americans are living with disabilities from a traumatic brain injury.

Brain Injury Facts (Brain Injury Association of America)

Brain Injury Association of New York State webinars

Signs & Symptoms:

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Altered memory/personality
  • Partial/complete paralysis
  • Behavior problems
    • Verbal and physical aggression, agitation, learning difficulties, poor self-awareness, altered sexual functioning, impulsivity, and social disinhibition
  • Mood disorders/altered emotional control
  • Depression and anxiety

TBI Info Wallet Card

Ohio State University TBI Identification Method Interview Form


  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Falls
  • Acts of violence
  • Sports injuries
  • Disease (tumors, neurotoxins, etc.)
  • Closed head injury (shaken baby syndrome)
  • Swelling and internal bleeding

Alcohol is associated with 50% of all brain injuries.

How Many Concussions Are Too Many?

In recognition of Concussion Awareness Day, the Brain Injury Association of New York State's Concussion Initiative Advisory Committee hosted the panel discussion: How Many Concussions Are Too Many?