Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Traumatic brain injury results from injury to the brain or a closed injury in which there is no fracture or penetration. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates 5.3 million Americans are living with disabilities from a traumatic brain injury.

Brain Injury Facts (Brain Injury Association of America)

Brain Injury Association of New York State webinars

Signs & Symptoms:

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Altered memory/personality
  • Partial/complete paralysis
  • Behavior problems
    • Verbal and physical aggression, agitation, learning difficulties, poor self-awareness, altered sexual functioning, impulsivity, and social disinhibition
  • Mood disorders/altered emotional control
  • Depression and anxiety

TBI Info Wallet Card

Ohio State University TBI Identification Method Interview Form


  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Falls
  • Acts of violence
  • Sports injuries
  • Disease (tumors, neurotoxins, etc.)
  • Closed head injury (shaken baby syndrome)
  • Swelling and internal bleeding

Alcohol is associated with 50% of all brain injuries.