988 Suicide & Crisis Lifeline: Call or text 988 | https://988lifeline.org/
Veterans Crisis Line: 1-800-273-8255, press "1" | www.veteranscrisisline.net
Crisis Text Line: Text CONNECT to 741741 | www.crisistextline.org
Suicidal behavior is complex. Some risk factors vary with age, gender, or ethnic group and may occur in combination or change over time.
- Depression and other mental disorders, or a substance-abuse disorder (often in combination with other mental disorders). More than 90 percent of people who die by suicide have these risk factors.
- Prior suicide attempt
- Family history of mental disorder or substance abuse
- Family history of suicide
- Family violence, including physical or sexual abuse
- Firearms in the home, the method used in more than half of suicides
- Exposure to the suicidal behavior of others, such as family members, peers, or media figures
- Financial collapse
Research also shows that the risk for suicide is associated with changes in brain chemicals called neurotransmitters, including serotonin. Decreased levels of serotonin have been found in people with depression, impulsive disorders, a history of suicide attempts, and in the brains of suicide victims.
|Suicide by:||Males (%)||Females (%)|
Risk Factor for Non-fatal Suicide Attempts:
- An estimated 11 nonfatal suicide attempts occur per every suicide death. Men and the elderly are more likely to have fatal attempts than are women and youth
- Risk factors for nonfatal suicide attempts by adults include depression and other mental disorders, alcohol and other substance abuse and separation or divorce
- Risk factors for attempted suicide by youth include depression, alcohol or other drug-use disorder, physical or sexual abuse, and disruptive behavior
- Most suicide attempts are expressions of extreme distress, not harmless bids for attention
- A person who appears suicidal should not be left alone and needs immediate mental-health treatment.
- New York State Office of Mental Health
- Suicide Prevention Center of New York
- American Association of Suicidology
- American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
- Suicide Prevention Resource Center
- National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention
For Children and Teens:
Survivor and Bereavement Resources: