Resources & Tools
AARP- We can do better: Lessons Learned for Protecting Older Persons in Disasters
This document includes highlights from an AARP conference with stakeholders discussing strategies to better protect older persons in both the community and in nursing homes during an emergency. It addresses planning and communication, identifying who will need help, and evacuating older persons. http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/il/better.pdf
ADA- Best Practices Tool Kit for State and Local Governments
The ADA Tool Kit is designed to teach state and local government officials how to identify and fix problems that prevent people with disabilities from gaining equal access to state and local government programs, services, and activities. It will also teach state and local officials how to conduct accessibility surveys of their buildings and facilities to identify and remove architectural barriers to access. http://www.ada.gov/pcatoolkit/toolkitmain.htm
Alzheimer’s Association- Disaster Preparedness: Home and Community-based Services for People with Dementia and Their Caregivers
This toolkit outlines actions states can take to empower caregivers to make informed decisions about the special needs of people with dementia at a time of emergency or disaster. http://www.une.edu/sites/default/files/Toolkit_2_Disaster_Preparedness.pdf
CDC- Planning for an Emergency: Strategies for Identifying and Engaging At-Risk Groups
This guidance document provides emergency managers with information on how to identify socially vulnerable or at-risk groups within their communities. These groups are disproportionately affected by disasters. The information in this document can help you better prepare and respond to the needs of these groups before, during, and after a disaster. This document focuses on two approaches to accomplishing this task, the individual approach and population approach. https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/hsb/disaster/atriskguidance.pdf
CDC- Public Health Workbook and eTool: To Define, Locate, and Reach Special, Vulnerable, and At-risk Populations in an Emergency
This document describes a process that will help planners to define, locate, and reach at-risk populations in an emergency. Additional tools are included to provide resources for more inclusive communication planning that will offer time-saving assistance for state, local, tribal, and territorial public health and emergency management planners in their efforts to reach at-risk populations in day-to-day communication and during emergency situations. The At-risk Populations eTool is a companion to the At-risk Populations Workbook to assist in creating a Community Outreach Information Network (COIN) to reach at-risk populations in an emergency. https://emergency.cdc.gov/workbook/pdf/ph_workbookfinal.pdf http://www.orau.gov/SNS/AtRiskTool/
Department of Justice: Tips and tools for Reaching Limited English Proficiency communities in Emergency Preparedness, Response, and Recovery
This document is geared toward state and local decision-makers, planners, and language access coordinators at agencies responsible for emergency preparation, response, and recovery. It provides a non-exhaustive compilation of tips and promising practices intended to serve as a starting point for incorporating language access considerations into disaster management plans.
FEMA- Guidance on Planning for Integration of Functional Needs Support Services in General Population Shelters
This document provides guidance to assist emergency managers and shelter planners in understanding the requirements related to sheltering children and adults with functional support needs in general population shelters. Functional Needs Support Services (FNSS) and the guidance provided are designed to assist in the planning and resourcing of sheltering operations whether government, NGO, faith- or private-based to meet the access and functional needs of children and adults. http://www.fema.gov/pdf/about/odic/fnss_guidance.pdf
HHS- emPOWER Map
Over 2.4 million Medicare beneficiaries rely upon electricity-dependent medical and assistive equipment, such as ventilators and wheel chairs, in our communities. Severe weather and disasters that cause power outages can be life threatening for these individuals. Every hospital, first responder, electric company, and community member can use this map to find the monthly total of Medicare beneficiaries with electricity-dependent equipment claims at the U.S. state, territory, county, and zip code level and turn on “real-time” NOAA severe weather tracking services to identify areas and populations that may be impacted and at risk for power outages. http://www.phe.gov/empowermap/Pages/default.aspx
HHS Office of Minority Health- Guidance for Integrating Culturally Diverse Communities into Planning for and Responding to Emergencies: A Toolkit
This toolkit was developed to provide preparedness planning and response agencies, organizations, and professionals with practical strategies, resources and examples of models for improving existing activities and developing new programs to meet the needs of racially and ethnically diverse populations.
Healthinaging.org- Emergency Preparedness for Older People
This is a step-by-step guide prepared by healthcare professionals specializing in the care of older adults to prepare for and respond to older adults in an emergency.
Kailes- Moving Beyond “Special Needs”: A Function-Based Framework for Emergency Management and Planning
This article provides disability demographics and describes special needs populations to lay the foundation for moving beyond use of the “special needs” category, to better identify and address the diverse needs of those included under this label. It suggests the development of a more accurate and flexible planning and response framework based on essential, sometimes overlapping, functional needs: communication, medical needs, maintaining functional independence, supervision, and transportation (C-MIST). It also proposes new approaches to functional support, leadership, service delivery, and training.
Kailes- Checklist for Integrating People with Disabilities and Others with Access and Functional Needs into Emergency Preparedness, Planning, Response & Recovery
This checklist is for emergency planners, managers, responders, and public information officers (PIOs) who have responsibility for developing, maintaining, testing, delivering and revising emergency plans and services. http://www.jik.com/plancklst.pdf
Kailes- Be Ready To Go: Evacuation Transportation Planning Tips for People with Access and Functional Needs
This document provides evacuation tips and resources related to evacuation for individuals with access and functional needs. http://www.jik.com/evac_tips.pdf
National Association of State Directors of Developmental Disabilities Services (NASDDDS)- Emergency Response Preparedness Self-Assessment Instrument
The NASDDDS Emergency Response Preparedness Self-Assessment Instrument is designed to assist state developmental disabilities officials to evaluate the extent to which their existing preparedness plans address the unique characteristics and needs of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities during periods of emergency or disaster. The tool may also be used by disability provider organizations to create a checklist of topics to include in an organizational or individual’s emergency plan. http://www.rtc.umn.edu/erp/main/
National Organization on Disability- Disaster Readiness Tips for People with Disabilities
This tip sheet for persons with disabilities describes steps that can be taken before an event occurs to lessen the impact of a disaster. http://www.disastersrus.org/MyDisasters/disability/epips1disability.pdf
RAND Corporation- Enhancing Public Health Emergency Preparedness for Special Needs Populations: A Toolkit for State and Local Planning and Response
This toolkit is meant to assist state and local public health agencies improve their emergency preparedness activities. It distills the most relevant strategies, practices, and resources from a variety of sources, including peer-reviewed research, government reports, the trade literature, and public health leaders, to identify priority populations and critical strategies.
Ready.gov- Preparing Makes Sense for People with Disabilities and Special Needs
This guide outlines commonsense measures individuals with disabilities, special needs and their caregivers can take to start preparing for emergencies before they happen.
Red Cross- Disaster Preparedness for Seniors by Seniors
This guide was written by a New York based senior group and encourages seniors to take responsibility and prepare for an emergency. http://www.redcross.org/images/MEDIA_CustomProductCatalog/m4640086_Disaster_Preparedness_for_Srs-English.revised_7-09.pdf
Red Cross- Functional and Access Needs Support A toolkit for empowering inclusive action
This toolkit was compiled by the American Red Cross Greater Chicago Region from
partner resources and is accurate to the best of our knowledge. It is not a
replacement for training regarding the inclusion of people who have functional and
access needs in emergency and disaster planning, preparedness, response and
recovery. Although this is Chicago based this document has many universal tools and guidance for all regions. This document also has contributions from the University of Nebraska Medical Center HEROES Program among many other entities.
Red Cross- Preparing for Disaster for People with Disabilities and other Special Needs
This guide provides tips on getting informed, making a plan, assembling a kit, and keeping your plans up to date. These tips provide people with disabilities and their caregivers with guidance in managing communications, equipment, pets and home hazards. http://www.redcross.org/images/MEDIA_CustomProductCatalog/m4240199_A4497.pdf
Transportation Research Board- Transit Cooperative Research Program Report 150, Communication with Vulnerable Populations: A Transportation and Emergency Management Toolkit
This toolkit demonstrates how to create a communication process to reach vulnerable populations regarding their transportation options in emergencies. It provides a guiding framework and tools for constructing a scalable, adaptable communication process built on a network of agencies from public, private, and nonprofit sectors. Together, these partners will form interconnected communication channels with the ability to carry out the function of emergency communication in far reaching and resourceful ways not possible by working alone. http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_150.pdf
USA Center for Rural Public Health Preparedness- Partnering to Achieve Rural Emergency Preparedness: A Workbook for Healthcare Providers in Rural Communities
This workbook is a practical guide created to assist rural health clinics and community health centers, migrant health centers and hospitals in rural areas that have limited healthcare resources, in preparing for and responding to emergency incidents.